How do the Republican and Democratic policies compare in the US election race?

How do the Republican and Democratic policies compare in the US election race?

What are his key policy promises? 

Health care

Mr Biden has made clear that health care remains a top priority for him. It’s an issue that is deeply personal for him; his first wife and young daughter were kil-led in a car cra-sh in 1972 and his oldest son Beau Biden died of brain can-cer in 2015. “I couldn’t imagine what it would have been like if we didn’t have the health care they needed immediately,” he said during the campaign. 

Mr Biden said he will expand the Affordable Care Act, the signature legislative achievement of the Obama administration which expanded health insurance to millions of Americans. Mr Biden proposes expanding the ACA and implementing a plan that will ensure “an estimated 97 per cent of Americans”. Mr Biden says he will achieve this by offering Americans the option to enrol in a public health insurance programme similar to Medicare, which offers coverage to the elderly. However, Mr Biden does not support the universal public health insurance plan backed by progressive Democrats like Bernie Sanders. 


Mr Biden has laid out an ambitious climate plan which includes overhauling the country’s energy industry to achieve 100 per cent emissions-free power by 2035. The plan includes a pledge to invest $2 trillion in clean-energy infrastructure if Mr Biden wins the White House in November, along with a promise to build 1.5 million new energy-efficient homes and social housing units. In a nod to liberal voters, who have been somewhat unenthusiastic about Mr Biden’s candidacy, the Democrat said the expansive climate plan will be funded by a mix of government funding and increasing the corporate income tax rate from 21 to 28 per cent to ask “the wealthiest Americans to pay their fair share”.

Mr Biden has shied away from mentioning a ban on fossil fuels such as oil, coal and gas – a politically sensitive topic in battleground states like Pennsylvania and Michigan – instead focusing on incentives for car manufacturers to produce zero-emission electric vehicles.

America and the world

A regular refrain of Mr Biden is his desire to restore America’s standing on the world stage. The Democrat has shown strong support for the country’s relationships with its allies, particularly the Nato alliance. He has also spoken of holding China accountable for unfair trade practices but suggested he would tackle this through an international effort rather than through trade wars. 

Read more: When is the US election 2020, and what are the key swing states?

Donald Trump

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