how the Gallipoli battle helped Australia and New Zealand forge national identities

how the Gallipoli battle helped Australia and New Zealand forge national identities

Ex-servicemen and women also join city marches to remember those who served in conflicts while rosemary is traditionally worn on April 25, because it was found growing wild on the Gallipoli peninsula.

Last year, many commemorations did not go ahead and Australia and New Zealand cancelled their Anzac Day events at Gallipoli due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Instead, virtual services were held to honour those who served and died in wars and Australians observed a minute of silence from their homes.

This year, many Anzac Day events are set to return in line with the latest Covid-19 restrictions, including the veterans’ march in Sydney, Australia, which will see 10,000 people in attendance.

Other marches and dawn services across Australia will be ticketed or restricted to smaller groups of people, and some events will be livestreamed online, to allow everyone to pay their respects at home.

Australians are also being encouraged to “Light up the Dawn” once again by holding candles and torches on their driveways at 6am on April 25. 


Two-up is a gamb-ling game originating from Australia, where two coins are tossed into the air and players make a bet on whether they will land on heads or tails. 

It was often played by Australian troops throughout the First World War but its popularity later declined in the 1950s, due to other gamb-ling developments such as po-ker machines.

Now Anzac Day is the only day of the year where people can legally play two-up in all Australian states, with games taking place in Returned Servicemen’s League clubs.

Anzac biscuits

Anzac biscuits, the sweet treats made from rolled oats, were frequently sent to soldiers during the First World War.

Previously known as soldiers’ biscuits, wives and women’s groups would send them to troops abroad because they retained a high nutritional value and remained edible, without refrigeration, during transportation.

Anzac biscuits became a common part of the soldiers’ diets in Gallipoli and today, they are one of the few commercial products legally produced using the term ‘Anzac’. 

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